Dental Extractions

 
A dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from the mouth. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, including tooth decay that has destroyed enough tooth structure to render the tooth non-restorable. Extractions of impacted or problematic wisdom teeth are routinely performed, as are extractions of some permanent teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.
 

Surgical Extractions


Surgical extractions involve the removal of teeth that cannot be easily accessed, either because they have broken under the gum line or because they have not erupted fully.

Simple Extractions


Simple extractions are performed on teeth that are visible in the mouth and require only the use of instruments to elevate and/or grasp the visible portion of the tooth.

 

Reasons for Extractions

The most common reason for extraction is tooth damage due to breakage or decay. There are additional reasons for tooth extraction:
Insufficient space for wisdom teeth (impacted third molars).
Cosmetic; teeth of poor appearance, unsuitable for restoration
Reduced cost compared to other treatments
Severe tooth decay or infection (acute or chronic alveolar abscess).
Extra teeth which are blocking other teeth from coming in.
Severe gum disease which may affect the supporting tissues and bone structures of teeth.
In preparation for orthodontic treatment (braces)
Teeth in the fracture line
Teeth which cannot be restored endodontically
Fractured teeth
Supernumerary, supplementary or malformed teeth
Prosthesis; teeth detrimental to the fit or appearance of dentures